Presidential Instruction No. 7 of 2016 on the Acceleration of Development of National Fishery Industry has mandated to 25 relevant Ministries and Institutions to undertake the necessary strategic steps in supporting the acceleration of development of the national fishery industry. One of the steps mandated in the Presidential Instruction is increasing the production of capture fisheries, cultivation and processing of fishery products.
PATIN is one of Indonesia’s main commodities as an industrial commodity, because it has the establishment in terms of seeds, enlargement, feed, and processing and the area of cultivation production in the centers of cultivation include Jambi, Palembang, Riau, Lampung, South Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan. Patine industry opportunity for local consumption is very wide open with the policy of patent import ban by KKP. In addition, the high food safety requirements that will be fixed through the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) will become an opportunity for local patin to dominate the market.
Local patine opportunities to dominate the international market have been wide open. Needs of catfish in foreign countries show a positive trend, as in China. Imports of catfish in the country’s bamboo curtain grew rapidly to reach 34,400 tons per year. The figure is followed by Thailand which reached 19,200 tons per year. In Latin America, imports of catfish also showed an increase of up to 12.3 percent. Increasing the need for catfish in some of these countries, is a public awareness in fulfilling nutrition and protein. This can also be an opportunity for Indonesia, to serve the local catfish.
After the implementation of patine import protection policy, the stretching of Indonesian patine industry shows an encouraging development. In 2016 national patin production amounted to 437,111 tons. Significantly increased from the previous year’s 339,069 tons. In 2018, KKP is targeting patine production of 604,587 tons. In domestic market demand, per capita catfish consumption tends to increase annually, reaching 21.9% from 2014 to 2017 with 76% of fresh products consumed by fresh fish, 15% preserved foreign fish.
Sentin production of patin in Indonesia has been available. In this case the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) continues to monitor and encourage national patine production. Sumatra region contributes 68.07 percent of national production, with details of South Sumatra region the largest contributor of 47.23 percent. This certainly shows a positive trend in line with domestic and international market demand.
In encouraging local patine production and introducing to the general public, especially fisheries business actors, the CTF held a Marine Business Forum entitled “Patin: Opportunities and Challenges” Industry on Wednesday, April 11, 2018. To roll Patin’s business into a stable, sustainability needs a certainty of market chains and supply. The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries has made a number of efforts to move the catfish industry from upstream to downstream, including seed assistance, self-feeding program, provision of the national patin and patin pasupati (Patin Super Harapan Pertiwi) which have been released by Ministerial Decree No. KP. 25/2006, the preparation of SNI Fillet Patin, and cooperation with SMART-Fish Indonesia Programe supported by SECO-UNIDO build mobile app for the expansion of information about good catfish cultivation that can meet health and food safety standard, and formulate branding patin.
The application is a collaboration between the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, funded by the Swiss Government (SECO). This application is made to help the cultivators of pangasius and seaweed in improving production and quality, so that the yield is more profitable. Not only that, the Government also facilitates financing in the form of Credit for People’s Business (KUR) in patin commodity business. In the event, also handed over donations in the form of Bank Jatim credit to the Patin Cultivators, East Java Provincial Government’s East Java Provincial Government of East Java in cooperation with Bank Jatim to 22 debtors from 14 groups of catfish farmers in Kabuoaten Tulungagung, East Java, amounting to Rp 7 billion.